Soviet soldiers fire artillery at pockets of German resistance as they enter the suburbs of Berlin. The Battle of Berlin was the final major offensive of the European Theater of the war. Beginning 12 January 1945, The Soviets breached the German front as a result of the Vistula-Oder Offensive and advanced westward as much as 40 kilometres (25 miles) a day through East Prussia, Lower Silesia, East Pomerania and Upper Silesia, temporarily halting on a line 60 km (37 mi) east of Berlin along the Oder River. When the offensive resumed, two Soviet fronts (army groups) attacked Berlin from the east and south, while a third overran German forces positioned north of Berlin. The battle in Berlin lasted from 20 April 1945 until the morning of 2 May 1945. The city’s defenders finally surrendered on 2 May; however, fighting continued to the north-west, west and south-west of the city until the end o the war in Europe on 8 May 1945 (9 May in the Soviet Union) as German units fought westward so that they could surrender to the Western Allies rather than to the Soviets. Berlin, Germany. April 1945.
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